Digital Mental Health - A continuing study of the past, present, and future

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Re: Digital Mental Health - A continuing study of the past, present, and future

Post by trader32176 »

Study: Many patients want virtual mental health care even after the pandemic subsides

1/8/21 ... sides.aspx

A year ago, trying to find patients who would agree to see their University of Michigan mental health provider through a video screen felt like pulling teeth.

Only 26 video visits with a few early-adopters had happened in nearly six months, compared with more than 30,000 in-person visits.

But Jennifer Severe, M.D., one of the three psychiatrists who helped launch a test of telehealth initiatives in the U-M's outpatient psychiatry clinic, wasn't about to give up.

She prepared to give a talk at the beginning of April of 2020, hoping to convince more of her colleagues to give telepsychiatry a try, now that a major insurance company was paying for it. She even had examples of how clinic staff had "rescued" the care of patients who had called at the last minute to cancel an appointment for their depression or bipolar disorder, but agreed to a video therapy session instead.

Severe never got to give that talk.

Instead, on March 23, all non-urgent health care across the state of Michigan shut down to prevent the spread of COVID-19. And video chats and phone calls became the only way for most patients to connect with their psychiatrists and psychologists from Michigan Medicine, U-M's academic medical center.

For nearly all of those patients, it has stayed that way for the past nine months.

Now, a new study led by Severe suggests that more than half of those patients will want to keep going with virtual mental health care even after the pandemic subsides.

According to the new findings published in JMIR Formative Research, the convenience of seeing a provider without leaving home, and avoiding potential exposure to the coronavirus especially for those with other underlying health concerns, factor heavily into this preference. So does a patient's initial experience with seeing a provider virtually.

Patient preferences

The data come from a summer 2020 phone survey of 244 patients or parents of patients who had had appointments scheduled with a U-M mental health provider in the first weeks of the pandemic-related shutdown. Nearly 83% decided to have their or their child's first pandemic-era appointment through a video chat instead.

But the study also suggests a need for special attention to the minority of patients who initially chose to continue psychiatric care through telephone calls.

Though this accounted for less than 14% of the study population, they were more likely to be over 45. By summer, they were much less likely to want to receive mental health care remotely in the future.

As health insurers and government agencies make decisions about whether and how to pay mental health providers for virtual care in the short- and long-term, the new data could help inform them, says Severe.

" We went from not getting much traction with telepsychiatry, and encountering a lot of reluctance among providers and patients, to having nearly all our care delivered virtually, and offering help to those who need it. These data suggest an opportunity to turn the experience of the pandemic into an opportunity to improve access to mental health care and improve the continuity of care. But policy and reimbursement decisions will be important."

- Jennifer Severe, M.D., Psychiatrist

More about the study

Nearly all the patients in the study group who had a virtual visit by summer said it went as well as they had expected, or better.

The study does not cover the period after Mary Carol Blazek, M.D., the study's senior author, led the development of a program called GET Access. It helps older adults prepare for video visits with a geriatric psychiatry specialist.

Michigan Medicine also now offers assistance for any patient with a scheduled appointment, to help them set up their online patient portal account and test the video visit technology within it.

Parents of children receiving mental health or behavioral health care from Department of Psychiatry providers especially noted that video visits were more engaging.

Phone-visit patients said it was important to have the option to talk when their internet connection was unstable or they had trouble with the video platform. One-third said they were just more comfortable talking by phone.

Impacts on access

Although the new paper does not examine clinic appointment cancellation and no-show rates, anecdotal evidence suggests that it has come down substantially from a one-in-four rate before the pandemic.

Whether it's the debilitating effect of their mental health condition, or their access to transportation, time off from work or child care, many factors can get in the way of a patient making it to an in-person appointment, Severe says. But virtual visits remove most of these barriers.

Cost poses another potential barrier for phone-based care. In the test-run months before COVID-19, insurers wouldn't typically cover phone calls, leaving the provider to absorb the cost or to ask patients to pay out of pocket to talk on the phone with their provider.

Insurers covered phone-based mental health care for much of 2020, but that appears to be ending soon. But Severe says that for certain patients with an established relationship with their mental health provider, phone and video appointments are equally effective and should receive similar reimbursement from insurers. Both modality offer opportunity for a blended care model bridging in-person session with virtual visits as deemed appropriate".

"For the first visit with a new patient, we try to avoid using phone as it limits the initiation of the provider-patient therapeutic alliance, reduce communication cues and limits the mental status exam that includes observing patient facial expressions, interactions, and movement," she says. "Depending on the complexity of the patient's situation, we may need to do a physical examination from time to time, to assess their balance and mobility, and check for medication side effects to name a few."

Going forward, Severe hopes to study more aspects of telepsychiatry in the COVID-19 era, including understanding how socioeconomic status, rural vs. urban residence, technology access and other factors play into access. She notes that the study team chose to conduct their study by phone, instead of reaching out via email or patient portal message, to ensure maximum access.


Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Journal reference:

Severe, J., et al. (2020) Factors Influencing Patients’ Initial Decisions Regarding Telepsychiatry Participation During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Telephone-Based Survey. JMIR Formative Research.
Posts: 1535
Joined: Fri Jun 26, 2020 5:22 am

Re: Digital Mental Health - A continuing study of the past, present, and future

Post by trader32176 »

UW investigators and Talkspace collaborate to study patient experiences with telepsychotherapy

1/12/21 ... erapy.aspx

As Americans come to grip with a mental health crisis worsened by the pandemic, smartphone and other digital-health applications are getting more scrutiny. Researchers welcome the advent of telepsychiatry to reach more people but want to ensure that these digital tools are appropriately tested.

Investigators at the University of Washington, Talkspace, a provider of digital services for mental health, and the organization Mental Health America will collaborate on two multi-year studies of patient experiences with mental-health teletherapy services.

The research is part of $7 million in grants from the National Institute of Mental Health. UW will receive a little over $3 million for its role.

"People have struggled for decades to find proper treatment for depression and anxiety," said Pat Areán, professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at the UW School of Medicine. Message-based care has great potential to be the solution, and I am excited to partner with Talkspace to study this further."

In one study, an estimated 1,000 participants will be randomized to either a weekly video session with their therapist (no messaging, except to schedule appointments) or to daily messaging (no live video sessions), which are equivalent to telepsychotherapy, an evidence-based method of care. The project will track outcomes, engagement, ratings of the therapist, type of treatment provided, and other variables between the two care approaches to examine potential differences. The project will be HIPAA-compliant and patient information will be de-identified to protect the privacy of all participants. Areán is the principal investigator for this study.

In the other study, researchers will investigate the traits of individuals who benefit most from digital therapy, and identify ways to personalize their entry to teletherapy. They will use sophisticated computational tools to better understand the actions people take when they first start to experience mental health challenges and are considering psychotherapy.

The findings will be used to help more people anticipate benefit from support, including therapy, and to explore the optimal dose of digital mental health. Principal Investigators include Areán, Michael Pullmann, research associate professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences in the UW School of Medicine, and Tim Althoff, assistant professor of computer science at the UW Paul G. Allen School of Computer Science & Engineering.

"We have been studying how people engage with health and diet apps, and found that people often use them until they reach their goal. But if they start to relapse, for instance, they start to gain weight again, then they often come back to the app," said Althoff. "We want to know whether this is true for digital mental health tools, as well, and how we can best support people in their journey."

Talkspace is a digital platform that connects licensed therapists and psychiatrists with people seeking mental healthcare. With Talkspace, clients can send their therapists text, video, and voice messages anytime, from anywhere, and engage in live video sessions. To date, more than 2 million people have used the service, and more than 40 million people have health insurance that covers Talkspace.

" At a time when America's mental health is in crisis, it is crucial that experts find the most optimal solution for patients, including how they seek therapy, and the various forms of care and treatment available."

- Neil Leibowitz, Chief Medical Officer, Talkspace


University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine
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