Health / Immunity Passports

This forum is to discuss general things concerning TSOI.
Posts: 2522
Joined: Fri Jun 26, 2020 5:22 am

Re: Health / Immunity Passports

Post by trader32176 »

Digital immunity passports part of government’s plans to ramp up testing ... p-testing/

Digital immunity passports are to form part of the governments new plans to ramp up testing, a leaked memo has revealed.

The ambitious Operation Moonshot programme aims to carry out up to 10 million Covid-19 tests a day by early next year as part of a £100bn expansion of the testing programme, according to the BMJ.

Under the plans, digital immunity passports will be used to allow people who have tested negative for the virus to return to work, to travel and to take part in other activities.

Speaking after a government announcement that gatherings in England are to be restricted to six people as of 14 September, Prime Minister Boris Johnson said he wanted to eventually use testing to identify those who have tested negative to allow them to return to normal.

Digital immunity passports are a digital document detailing a person’s test results proving they are not considered a risk in spreading the virus, for example someone who has tested positive for Covid-19 antibodies and have therefore had the virus and are not thought to be likely to contract is again.

But, according to Privacy International, immunity passports are “dangerous” and risk excluding vulnerable groups and misuse of data, or mission creep.

The privacy charity said there is no scientific basis for digital immunity passports, adding: “The social risks of immunity passports are great: it serves as a route to discrimination and exclusion, particularly if the powers to view these passports falls on people’s employers, or the police”.

Evidence suggests police enforcing coronavirus rules are seven times more like to issue fines to black, Asian and minority ethnic people than white people.

But according to a post on the government’s Centre for Data Ethics and Innovation blog digital immunity passports could prove “valuable” in settings where there’s a high risk of transmission, such as sports venues and travel.

It acknowledges a risk to users privacy but adds there are “ways to mitigate these risks”.

Immunity certification should “guaranteeing that only the essential elements of a person’s identity are included”, the blog states, adding “there would also need to be clear guidelines about who should have access to the data stored on the certificate, so as to prevent undesirable data sharing between organisations”.

Digital immunity passports also heavily rely on reliable, large-scale antibody testing.

In April, the World Health Organisation warned against the use of passport schemes as “there is currently no evidence that people who have recovered from Covid-19 and have antibodies are protected from a second infection”.

Under Operation Moonshot the government plans to roll-out testing in workplaces, entertainment venues, football stadiums and at GP surgeries, pharmacies, schools, and other local sites to improve access, according to the BMJ.

But the costly plan was criticised as devoid of any contribution from scientists, clinicians, and public health and testing and screening experts,” and “disregarding the enormous problems with the existing testing and tracing programmes”.

Currently about 150,000 and 200,000 tests are completed each day, but testing capacity is reported at around 350,000. Reports have also surfaced of testing centres running out of tests.

The Department of Health and Social Care was contacted for comment.
Posts: 2522
Joined: Fri Jun 26, 2020 5:22 am

Re: Health / Immunity Passports

Post by trader32176 »

‘Absence of evidence’ for Covid-19 contact-tracing apps, review finds ... iew-finds/

An “absence of evidence” to support the immediate deployment of a Covid-19 contact-tracing app risks “undermining public trust”, a research institute has warned.

The independent Ada Lovelace Institute has published a rapid review of the technical, social and public health evidence for contact-tracing apps, finding the current “technical limitations” and “social impacts” outweigh the potential benefits of an app.

To avoid the loss of public trust, the institute called for the introduction of legislation to regulate the development of apps and data processing, including strict purpose access to data and time limitations on its use.

Deployment of technologies should be subject to sign-off from a new Group of Advisors on Technology in Emergencies (GATE), established to oversee the development and testing of any digital tracing application, the review said.

The review found: “The rapid review finds that NHS plans to use technology to help reduce the spread of Covid-19 will not be effective unless the Government takes action to address the technical limitations, barriers to effective deployment and social impacts of the technology.

“Premature deployment of ineffective apps could undermine public trust and confidence in the long-term, hampering the widespread uptake of tracking technologies which may be critical to their eventual success.”

Given the lack of evidence, the review warned making use of the technology mandatory would “likely fall foul of the human rights standards”.

NHSX is set to trial a Covid-19 contact-tracing app in the North of England, but has remained tight-lipped about how the app will work and when they expect the pilot to be rolled-out across the country.

Privacy group medConfidential has called on the organisation to be “upfront” about their plans for the app and how it will be used. A call that was echoed in the independent review.

“Government must be transparent about the technical solutions under development. Technological solutions must complement, rather than replace, ongoing public health surveillance and pandemic response initiatives,” it found.

“They must be grounded in a comprehensive strategy for the UK’s transition out of the crisis, for which Government should develop, publish and invite public scrutiny.”

Carly Kind, director of the Ada Lovelace Institute, said: “Bad uses of data and technology can do more harm than good. They can obscure accurate analyses, hide abuses of power and exacerbate the position of people already suffering from digital exclusion, who – evidence is beginning to show – are the same people who are most vulnerable to Covid-19.

“Premature deployment of a digital contact tracing app, which will ultimately rely on widespread public uptake to be effective, risks tarnishing public trust and confidence in technologies that could assist a transition out of the crisis.

“While we have seen that the public will support emergency or extreme measures that require curtailment of liberty or agency, or the increase of surveillance, if they appeal to a common sense of solidarity and are clearly justified for public good, there needs to be cast-iron ‘sunset’ clauses to dismantle any data tracking and surveillance architecture, as definitively and transparently as lifting restrictions on physical movement.”
Digital immunity certificates

The review also examined the evidence for digital immunity certificates, again finding a lack of evidence to support their introduction.

It found while there is “broad agreement” that widespread testing is the only route through which the UK can exit the crisis, “there is currently insufficient understanding of immunity, no robust scientific means of testing for immunity and therefore no credible basis for establishing a comprehensive regime of immunity certification at this time”.

The institute called for a comprehensive government strategy around immunity that takes into account the social implications of any certification, including when, why and under what conditions individuals are required to be tested for and disclose their immunity status.

“It may lead to arbitrary and unfair restrictions on individuals’ access to transport, services, employment, movement and other rights and freedoms on the basis of their immunity status,” the report found.

“Discrimination and stigmatisation may become commonplace if immunity becomes an element of identity as we transition from the crisis. The public will need to trust and support any government strategy that centres on immunity certification.”

Public authorities and private companies should be prevented from requesting or requiring disclosure of immunity status outside of defined circumstances, it added.

NHSX has been contacted for comment.
User avatar
Posts: 1034
Joined: Fri Jun 26, 2020 4:36 am

Re: Health / Immunity Passports

Post by TimGDixon »

this a bad idea period - Health / Immunity Passports

Its worthy of a lot of discussion thats for sure - with the discussion geared to defeating this foolishness.
Posts: 2522
Joined: Fri Jun 26, 2020 5:22 am

Re: Health / Immunity Passports

Post by trader32176 »

in reply to your previous post :
this a bad idea period -Health / Immunity Passports

Its worthy of a lot of discussion thats for sure - with the discussion geared to defeating this foolishness.

This is a very controversial topic .

In it's infancy ,the technology is moving along with phone apps for contact tracing , and now health / immunity passports .

If few people know about it, or discuss it, then it could be enacted into law .
Posts: 2522
Joined: Fri Jun 26, 2020 5:22 am

Re: Health / Immunity Passports

Post by trader32176 »

Replacing a conventional passport with digital travel credentials

11/12/20 ... edentials/

In recent years, industry and governments have been exploring ways to use digital traveller information more effectively to be able to facilitate people through the various airport checkpoints in a more seamless and customer-centric way. An increasing number of proprietary global passenger facilitation schemes have emerged that utilise digital identity credentials, carrying the inherent risk that solutions will not be globally interoperable – specifically in the traveller identification space.

In response to this fast-moving landscape, the ICAO’s New Technologies Working Group (NTWG) established a subgroup to standardise the issuance of travel credentials in a digital format. In developing these technical specifications and policies, the ePassport is used as the benchmark given that it offers a secure, portable and verifiable token.

A digital travel credential (DTC) is intended to temporarily or permanently substitute a conventional passport with a digital representation of the traveller’s identity, which can, in turn, be validated using the travel document issuing authority’s public key infrastructure.

The current security of the ePassport results from the ability to verify: the authenticity of data; and the consistency of the physical and electronic information. The digitized data stored on the chip is identical to the printed information (the exception being the optional secondary biometrics and some special data groups) and ties the data on the chip to the holder of the document through a process of matching the primary biometric to the presenter of the Passport. Comparison of digitized data stored on the chip to the printed information on the data page provides the binding with the secure physical document.

To ensure integrity and authenticity can be validated to the same level of security as an ePassport, the DTC approach is based on a ‘hybrid’ concept, in which the DTC will consist of a Virtual Component (DTC-VC) containing the digital representation of the holder’s identity and one Physical Component (DTC-PC) that is securely linked to the Virtual Component. The DTC-VC does not have any copy protection or access control protection as it is a simple file structure.

The DTC can be implemented in three types:

Type 1 – eMRTD bound DTC – consist of a DTC-VC only, with the eMRTD as a physical authenticator . Which means Data is extracted from the physical ePassport and stored in a digital container (Mobile, smart phone); holder must carry the physical travel document as back-up.
Type 2 – eMRTD- PC bound – consists of DTC-VC and an DTC-PC in addition to the eMRTD : Data is extracted from the issuer database and digitally signed by the issuing authority; the DTC digital container (mobile) is the primary back-up, physical book is an alternate back-up.
Type 3 – PC bound – consists of a DTC-VC and a DTC-PC but NO eMRTD : The issuing authority would only issue the traveler with a DTC and no physical book. The DTC can be stored.

We have the pleasure to announce that the specifications for Type 1 DTC have been endorsed by the ICAO Technical Advisory Group for the Traveller Identification Programme (TAG/TRIP) and will be published on the ICAO website along with the Guiding Core Principles for the Development of Digital Travel Credential (DTC).

The main objective of TAG/TRIP and its subsidiary working groups, the Implementation and Capacity Building Working Group (ICBWG) and the NTWG is to advise and support the ICAO Secretariat in the task of developing policy, recommendations and proposals for the implementation of the ICAO TRIP Strategy, including the development and maintenance of MRTD standards and specifications.

The Advisory Group is appointed by the ICAO Secretary General and consists of government and private sector experts working in the TRIP field assist the Secretariat in implementing the ICAO Traveller Identification Programme (TRIP) Strategy. The Advisory Group consists of government and private sector experts (through ISO) working in the TRIP field.
Posts: 2522
Joined: Fri Jun 26, 2020 5:22 am

Re: Health / Immunity Passports

Post by trader32176 »

Digital travel credential one step closer with ICAO implementation model approval

Digital identity projects from UN and IOTA advance

11/16/20 ... l-approval

Specifications for the first digital travel credential (DTC) type have been endorsed by the ICAO Technical Advisory Group for the Traveller Identification Programme (TAG/TRIP), bringing digital identity-based travel one step closer to reality, according to the International Civil Aviation Organization’s (ICAO’s) Uniting Aviation.

A subgroup of the ICAO New Technologies Working Group (NTWG) has developed three different implementation types for DTCs, each based on the biometrics embedded in ICAO-compliant passports.

Type 1 DTC checks consist of a DTC ‘Virtual Component’ only, with the electronic Machine-Readable Travel Document (the eMRTD, or ePassport) as a physical authenticator. Data is extracted from the physical credential and stored in a digital container, such as on the smart phone. The physical document acts as a back-up credential.

Type 2 is made up of a DTC-VC and DTC ‘Physical Component’ in addition to the eMRTD, with data extracted from the issuer database and digitally signed by the issuing authority. A digital container is the primary backup, the physical document a secondary back-up. Type 3 implementations involve no eMRTD, but only the DTC.

ICAO warns the industry against blocking interoperability with proprietary global passenger facilitation schemes based on digital identity credentials.

UN launches Digital ID wallet with biometric security

A solution combining biometrics, blockchain and mobile technology developed for UN personnel by the UN Digital Solutions Center (UN DSC) has won a technology challenge, the agency announced.

UN DSC is a pilot project of the World Food Programme and UNHCR with operational support from UNICC, intended to create digital solutions to help UN agencies with common operational and transactional tasks.

The UN Digital ID is a digital wallet that agency personnel can use for data related to human resources, medical status, travel, payroll and pensions, which can also be used for onboarding new employees, leaving or retiring from the organization. It is intended to reduce data fragmentation while streamlining processes.

A video produced by the UN depicts the use of facial recognition to secure the wallet and ensure its privacy.

The project won the recent Reimagine the UN Together Challenge, and the UN Joint Staff Pension Fund, a collaborator on UN Digital ID, is a finalist in the Gartner Eye on Innovation Awards for Government 2020, for its Digital Certificate of Entitlement solution, which is based on the same technology.

Distributed ID standard framework released, digital health passport open-sourced by IOTA

Distributed ledger and cryptocurrency network operator IOTA Foundation has released an alpha version of its own standard framework for digital identity for Rust and Javascript, according to a blog post.

IOTA Identity can help encourage the adoption of IOTA and decentralized identity (DID) or self-sovereign identity (SSI) with a zero-fee protocol for both payments and identification.

The announcement includes open sourcing the Selv app, a digital health passport co-developed with Dentons which allows verifiable credentials to be shared with websites or peer-to-peer through QR codes. The applications is just the first step in a planned identity wallet, and according to the post should provide enough functionality to use IOTA Identity in hackathon projects.

The Odyssey Hackathon, which is focussed on distributed ledger technology and artificial intelligence, launched last week, and in 2019 nine different teams used IOTA for their Odyssey entries.

The IOTA foundation has also launched an IOTA Identity Experience Team (X-Team) to participate in the preparation of tools, libraries and documentation for the IOTA Identity framework.
Posts: 2522
Joined: Fri Jun 26, 2020 5:22 am

Re: Health / Immunity Passports

Post by trader32176 »

UN Announces Biometric Digital ID Wallet

11/18/20 ... allet.html

By Spiro Skouras

Recently, the United Nations had some big announcements that went largely unnoticed, including the rollout of a biometric digital wallet and an announcement that one of its specialized agencies The International Civil Aviation Organization is one step closer to a internationally recognized digital travel credential.

As reported by Biometric Update, this particular UN biometric digital wallet is intended for UN employees and it can be used for data related to human resources, medical status, travel, payroll and pensions.

I hope you see where this is going, every aspect of our lives will be centralized digitally using biometrics and in many cases the blockchain, AI and 5G.

I can’t help but to raise the question, what kind of social controls could this possibly provide the technocrats if people decide not to obey certain restrictions or requirements?

Example: If you didn’t get your latest shot, individuals may face travel restrictions. Or, you may not be able go to work, or your payments may be frozen until you comply.

They may not have to mandate anything if they can ‘encourage’ you to obey.
Posts: 2522
Joined: Fri Jun 26, 2020 5:22 am

Re: Health / Immunity Passports

Post by trader32176 »

Brits to be given special ‘freedom passes’ to live a normal life – if they have two Covid negative tests in a week

11/22/20 ... ive-tests/

BRITS could be given special 'freedom passes' to allow them to live a relatively normal life - if they have two negative Covid tests in a week.

It's been claimed the proposed plan could be rolled out in the New Year in a bid to reopen society as soon as possible.

The Telegraph reports that under the plan, people could be given the special passes if they can prove they have been regularly tested.

Those who have been given the all clear would then be given an electronic document to show they have the freedom to roam.

The proposed new rules Boris will announce:

Tougher three-tier lockdown rules to be revealed as part of Boris' Covid Winter Plan
He will announce the plans tomorrow in an address to the nation
The 10pm curfew will be scrapped and pubs and restaurants will now close at 11pm
People could be banned from seeing their families and friends until Easter under Tier 2 and 3 rules
Brits will be given special 'freedom passes' to live normal lives if they have two negative Covid tests a week
Beauty salons, gyms and hairdressers are set to reopen on December 2
All shops - even in the toughest tiers - will remain open when lockdown ends
Kids' team sports could return from next month in a boost for grassroots games
The new rules are set to be suspended for up to five days over Christmas so families can meet indoors

Boris Johnson is set unveil the scheme tomorrow when he addresses the nation over his Covid Winter Plan.

The proposed plans will include the re-introduction of the three tier system once England's lockdown is lifted on December 2.

A source said: "They will allow someone to wander down the streets, and if someone else asks why they are not wearing a mask, they can show the card, letter or an App."

The source added the passes - which could even be a QR code - would allow people "to see their family, and normal social distancing rules will not apply".

The ambitious proposal is said to have the backing of former Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt.

He has already said he backs "offering people who comply with testing and isolation requirements a 'freedom pass' that removes the requirement to follow lockdown regulations".

And he has been urging the Government to give people a nudge to be tested by allowing them “to go out, shop and go to work” if given the all clear.

However, for the scheme to be a success, millions of tests will have to take place every day.

The scheme is understood to be one of many rolled out by Boris in the Commons tomorrow to curb the spread of the virus.

It is also understood special Covid passport certificates proving Brits have the all-clear are being considered to allow air travel to return to normal.

City sources said companies including De La Rue are discussing certificates guaranteeing travellers have taken tests for the disease and are not infected, the Telegraph reports.

It's thought the documents will contain the holograph and security stamp technology the company incorporated in British passports.

De La Rue lost the contract to Franco-Dutch firm Gemalto two years ago.

The certificates may use photos that have biometric data, such as the distance between facial features, to ensure the identity of the document holder.

It's claimed Cabinet Office officials have approached a number of companies to find out whether the documents could work.

The hopeful news comes just five days after it was reported those who have had the vaccine may get special mobile phone QR codes to allow them access to major sporting events.

Government insiders say those who have been inoculated could be issued with some kind of digital proof showing they are immune from the virus.

That could allow them to attend football matches and cultural events currently out of bounds to large crowds.

However, it is reported Whitehall sources insist the controversial idea is still only at the discussion phase.

One minister highlighted the fact that a vaccination requirement for those wanting to attend the Tokyo Olympics had already been suggested.

"I think there are lots of people who think it is a logical extension and lots of people are interested in it," the minister added.

"One way of opening up society would be those people who have had vaccinations carrying some kind of QR code or some sort of immunity certification which shows that they have been tested."

The plan has been drawn up by officials at the Department of Digital, Culture, Media and Sport but has yet to be greenlighted by the government.
Posts: 2522
Joined: Fri Jun 26, 2020 5:22 am

Re: Health / Immunity Passports

Post by trader32176 »

Vaccine Passports and Health Passes: Is Showing Your “Papers” the “New Normal?”

12/15/20 ... th-passes/

Life cannot return to normal until there is a vaccine for COVID 19.

At least, that is what governments, corporations, and their mainstream propaganda media outlets have been incessantly arguing. Interestingly, the development of that vaccine was “warp speed,” allegedly at the behest of the Trump administration.

“Warp speed” also took place in other countries like the UK, where shots have been administered. This information has caused some to question whether the vaccine was ready long before the announcement was made or, indeed, before the pandemic ever began.

They tried to warn us about mandated vaccines

Years ago, “conspiracy theorists” were ridiculed for warning of a system in which vaccines would be required to access normal aspects of life. Today, however, government officials and MSM are now openly discussing the very same system.

In case you have been living under a rock for the past several weeks, here are several instances where the “public discussion” has centered around the idea of a “vaccine passport” or “immunity passport” or the general blockade and sanctioning of anyone not willing to take the jab.

Chief Medical Officer of Health for Ontario Dr. David Williams recently stated that individuals who refuse the COVID-19 vaccination might “face some limits.” Some of the “limits” he suggested included not being able to enter a hospital or nursing home without showing proof of having been vaccinated without personal protective equipment.

Welcome to the new normal: Vaccine Passports and Health Passes

For the moment, vaccine passports are mainly intended for international travel. However, their use can be extended to many other areas of life. Vaccine passports in the form of free mobile apps in which a traveler (or event goer, employee, or shopper) uploads their COVID-19 test results or vaccination status.

There are currently two existing vaccine passports options, one being operational in the United States right now.

Common Pass: Created by Commons Project, this health pass has been in international use since October on United and Cathay Pacific flights between New York, London, Singapore, and Hong Kong. Common Pass operates via Apple’s Health app on iOS and CommonHealth for Android. It connects to 230 US health systems. It functions as a scannable QR code and can store a passenger’s test or vaccine data and travel plans. (It is not yet publicly available for download.)

IATA Travel Pass: Expected to launch in early 2021, IATA Travel Pass, is currently under development by the International Transport Association. According to the IATA website, the digital pass for travelers is: A global and standardized solution to validate and authenticate all country regulations regarding COVID-19 passenger travel requirements.

Vaccination tickets: the future of concert and event-goers

Ticketmaster announced that it is exploring the possibility of requiring proof of vaccination for ticket purchases and entrance to events. An article published on Billboard stated:

Ticketmaster has been working on a framework for post-pandemic fan safety that uses smartphones to verify fans’ vaccination status or whether they’ve tested negative for the coronavirus within a 24 to 72-hour window.

Many details of the plan, still in development, will rely on three separate components: the Ticketmaster digital ticket app, third party health information companies like CLEAR Health Pass or IBM’s Digital Health Pass, and testing and vaccine providers like LabCorp and CVS Minute Clinic.

If the vaccination tickets are approved, how would it work?

The Billboard article gives further details about what people will have to do to attend concerts and other events.

Fans must have proof of vaccination or test results delivered to a health pass company, such as CLEAR or IBM
Health pass company verifies the attendee’s COVID-19 status to Ticketmaster (Ticketmaster will not be granted access to fan’s medical records)
Vaccinated fans or those with negative test results would be issued the credentials needed to access the event by Ticketmaster
Fans testing positive or who can not verify their status will not be granted access to any event.

Different states will have different requirements

The primary role of health pass companies will be to collect data from testing and medical providers and deliver status updates to partner companies. This would be done in a secure, encrypted way that complies with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA).

For individuals financially privileged enough to afford to buy the ever-more expensive tickets from the Ticketmaster’s monopoly, the world will have taken a giant step forward into the “new normal.”

Airlines are quickly following suit

From CNN: Australia’s national carrier Qantas will require future international travelers to provide proof of vaccination against Covid-19 before flying.

The airline’s CEO Alan Joyce said in an interview with CNN affiliate Nine News on Monday that the move would be a “necessity” when coronavirus vaccines are readily available.

Joyce said the airline was looking at changing its terms and conditions to “ask people to have a vaccination before they get on the aircraft.”

“Whether you need that domestically, we will have to see what happens with Covid-19 in the market. But certainly, for international visitors coming out and people leaving the country, we think that’s a necessity,” the Qantas chief said.

While Qantas is the first airline to indicate that Covid-19 vaccinations would be a must before travel, others may soon require this as well.

Whatever the “new normal” is for travel will quickly spill over into everyday life

Researchers suspect these new “passports” will quickly be extended to employment, education, and even buying food.

Judging by the behaviors of those around us, all of those concerns are entirely legitimate.

What will you do if you can’t attend a favorite event, or fly to see your family? Will you have a choice? If so, what choice will you make? Is this the hill you’re willing to die on or will you go with the flow? Let us know what you think in the comments.

After purchasing tickets, concert fans will have to provide proof of COVID-19 vaccination or test negative 24-72 hours before the event
Posts: 2522
Joined: Fri Jun 26, 2020 5:22 am

Re: Health / Immunity Passports

Post by trader32176 »

Denmark developing digital COVID-19 ‘vaccine passport’

1/8/21 ... -passport/

COPENHAGEN – Denmark is developing a digital “vaccine passport” for people who have received a COVID-19 vaccine, a move that may enable them to travel to countries where such documentation is required during the pandemic.

“It is expected that there may be requirements from other countries to present vaccine documentation upon entry. A Danish vaccine passport can be used here,” the Health Ministry said in an emailed statement on Friday.

The passport may be rolled out in the first months of this year to be accessed through the Danish public health website, the ministry said. It was not clear whether the passport would be available via an app.

The ministry underlined the need to investigate further whether people who have been vaccinated can still transmit the virus and how long vaccines last before another shot is needed.

Estonia said last year it was testing a “digital immunity passport” to track those who had recovered from COVID-19 and gained some immunity, although questions remained over whether or for how long people remain protected.

Denmark began vaccinating the elderly and health personnel in late December and has so far administered shots to around 1% of its population, putting it ahead of most European countries.

Vaccinations in the roughly 900 nursing homes around the country are expected to conclude on Friday.

The World Health Organization said last year it was working on an e-vaccination certificate, a “smart yellow card” or digital version of the yellow vaccine booklets used in many countries.

Australian airliner Qantas said in November it would insist in future that passengers have a COVID-19 vaccination before they fly.
Post Reply