Health / Immunity Passports

This forum is to discuss general things concerning TSOI.
trader32176
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Re: Health / Immunity Passports

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Immunized? There’s an app for that

1/13/21


https://www.bmj.com/content/372/bmj.n85


A “yellow card” for the digital age, or a means to a new social divide?

If you’re of a certain age, or if you travel to exotic places, you’ll be familiar with the “yellow card.” Issued by the World Health Organization originally for use in yellow fever epidemics, this folding, pocket sized card displays an individual’s immunization history for international border crossings. Fast forward to 2021. Now we’re digital, of course, so we need a mobile phone app to document whether we’ve been tested for—and soon, immunized against—covid-19.1

Ideally, we would have a universally adopted credential to securely document and share negative coronavirus tests and, ultimately, immunization status. This would facilitate the safe reopening of public transportation and venues where many people gather (such as sports arenas and concert halls). To this end, an international non-profit organization, the Commons Project, convened a meeting in July 2020, co-sponsored by the World Economic Forum and the Rockefeller Foundation. They’re now at work testing an app called the CommonPass (https://thecommonsproject.org/commonpass), which is intended to be “a secure and verifiable way [for travelers] to document their health status as they travel and cross borders.”

United Airlines has tested the CommonPass on flights between the US and London and is reportedly planning to use the app regularly on some international flights, as are four other airlines.1 Currently, passengers download the app, get directed to an approved testing center and, after testing negative for coronavirus, receive a confirmation code to show before boarding. In the future, we are told the app will also securely display verified immunization status.

For-profit companies are also eager to enter this market. Clear, a US security company that uses biometric data to confirm people’s identities at airports and other venues, is now documenting negative coronavirus tests for sports teams with its Health Pass app and has plans to validate immunizations when they become available (https://clearme.com/healthpass). Besides airports, Clear already operates at large sports arenas in the US. I’ve used it myself for expedited security clearance at baseball games in Washington, DC.

You can see where all this is heading. The availability of secure digital health credentials could speed reopening of offices, schools, and businesses. In the name of health security, we will evolve into a two class society: people who can document their covid immunity with an app, and those who can’t. But what if you don’t have a mobile phone? Or you don’t have a good internet connection? Or the app isn’t working for you? As long as you’ve got the magic ticket you get express entry onto your flight, into your office, to the football game, and maybe soon into the local pub. If not, you’re out of luck.

Civil liberties advocates are starting to express concerns about the implications of immunity apps.1 The private companies—non-profit or for-profit— producing these apps are outside government control or verification. It is not hard to imagine possible bad outcomes from a future split between haves and have-nots: perhaps denial of access to public transportation, decreased job opportunities, and even housing discrimination.

Immunity apps seem to be a great idea in need of serious regulation. I would feel a lot better about them if some government agencies or WHO were leading this activity.

References

Singer N. Vaccinated? Let’s see it on the app. New York Times. 14 Dec 2020. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/12/13/tech ... -apps.html.
trader32176
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Re: Health / Immunity Passports

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Broad Coalition of Health and Technology Industry Leaders Announce Vaccination Credential Initiative to Accelerate Digital Access to COVID-19 Vaccination Records

January 14, 2021



https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/ ... on-Records


The Vaccination Credential Initiative (VCI) is working to enable individuals vaccinated for COVID-19 to access their vaccination records in a secure, verifiable and privacy-preserving way.
Coalition partners include CARIN Alliance, Cerner, Change Healthcare, The Commons Project Foundation, Epic, Evernorth, Mayo Clinic, Microsoft, MITRE, Oracle, Safe Health, and Salesforce.
The coalition is developing a standard model for organizations administering COVID-19 vaccines to make credentials available in an accessible, interoperable, digital format.
Trustworthy, traceable, verifiable, and universally recognized digital record of vaccination status is urgently needed worldwide to safely enable people to return to work, school, events, and travel.

NEW YORK--(BUSINESS WIRE)--A broad coalition of health and technology leaders today announced the creation of the Vaccination Credential Initiative (VCI), committed to empowering individuals with digital access to their vaccination records based on open, interoperable standards.

The current vaccination record system does not readily support convenient access, control and sharing of verifiable vaccination records.

VCI coalition members are working to enable digital access to vaccination records using the open, interoperable SMART Health Cards specification, based on W3C Verifiable Credential and HL7 FHIR standards.

“As we explore the many use cases for the vaccination credential, we are working to ensure that underserved populations have access to this verification,” said Dr. Brian Anderson, chief digital health physician at MITRE. “Just as COVID-19 does not discriminate based on socio-economic status, we must ensure that convenient access to records crosses the digital divide. MITRE is an independent advisor and trusted source for managing third-party data and proud to be joining with The Commons Project and other coalition members to deliver an open-source credential.”

“A secure, convenient solution to verify COVID-19 vaccination will play an important role in accelerating a healthy and safe return to work, school and life in general,” said Joan Harvey, president of care solutions at Evernorth, Cigna’s health services business. “Evernorth is helping to lead this important work because the digital vaccine certification made possible by this collaboration will put people in charge of their own health data through innovative technology. It furthers our mission to tackle healthcare’s biggest challenges.”

“As the world begins to recover from the pandemic, having electronic access to vaccination, testing, and other medical records will be vital to resuming travel and more,” said Mike Sicilia, executive vice president of Oracle’s Global Business Units. “This process needs to be as easy as online banking. We are committed to working collectively with the technology and medical communities, as well as global governments, to ensure people will have secure access to this information where and when they need it.”

“Salesforce is proud to join the Vaccination Credential Initiative to help organizations easily and safely customize all aspects of the vaccination management lifecycle and integrate closely with other coalition members’ offerings, which will help us all get back to public life,” said Bill Patterson, executive vice president and general manager, CRM Applications at Salesforce. “With a single platform to help deliver safe and continuous operations and deepen trust with customers and employees, this coalition will be crucial to support public health and wellbeing.”

VCI’s vision is to empower individuals to obtain an encrypted digital copy of their immunization credentials to store in a digital wallet of their choice. Those without smartphones could receive paper printed with QR codes containing W3C verifiable credentials.

“The goal of the Vaccination Credential Initiative is to empower individuals with digital access to their vaccination records so they can use tools like CommonPass to safely return to travel, work, school, and life, while protecting their data privacy,” said Paul Meyer, CEO of The Commons Project Foundation. “Open standards and interoperability are at the heart of VCI's efforts and we look forward to supporting the World Health Organization and other global stakeholders in implementing and scaling open global standards for health data interoperability.”

“The standards being developed by the Vaccination Credential Initiative, combined with availability of inexpensive smartphone-enabled rapid tests the FDA is now beginning to authorize for home use, will enable application developers to create privacy-preserving health status verification solutions that can be seamlessly integrated into existing ticketing workflows,” said Ken Mayer, founder and CEO of Safe Health. “SAFE is currently working with Hedera to develop a blockchain-enabled crowd safety solution using the VCI standards designed to help get concerts and sporting events going again.”

“Cerner is already providing tools to clinics, hospitals and other venues that provide health care to support the rapid COVID-19 vaccination process and ensure a safe, streamlined experience. This initiative will grow the standards around data exchange and help patients have access to and easily share verified vaccination information via their mobile device in situations where proof-of-vaccine is necessary,” said David Bradshaw, senior vice president of Consumer and Employer Solutions, Cerner. “Cerner is committed to continuing to be an industry advocate for standards-based access to health information.”

“We are kicking off the most significant vaccination effort in the history of the United States. Now more than ever, individuals need access to their own vaccination and health information in a portable format to begin to move about the country safely and comfortably,” said Ryan Howells, principal, Leavitt Partners and program manager of the CARIN Alliance. “The CARIN Alliance is supportive of MITRE’s effort to provide individuals with access to their vaccination information in a secure and trusted way and looks forward to advising the VCI initiative on ways to leverage the CARIN code of conduct and other best practices to facilitate consumer-directed exchange that we have developed consensus on over the last few years.”

The Vaccination Credential Initiative has created an informational website at vaccinationcredential.org for more information.
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Re: Health / Immunity Passports

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U.S. public divided over COVID-19 “immunity passports” idea

1/29/21


https://www.news-medical.net/news/20210 ... -idea.aspx


A nationally representative survey conducted in the United States suggests that the public is fairly evenly divided in its support of immunity certificates or “passports” to enable the selective lifting of restrictions placed on people during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.

Almost half (45.2%) of 1,315 respondents supported introducing the privileges, although more were in favor of private certificates than government passports.

“Social consensus will be difficult to achieve on the appropriateness of immunity privileges,” say Mark Hall (Wake Forest Schools of Law and Medicine, North Carolina) and David Studdert (Stanford University Schools of Law and Medicine, California).

Attitudes did not particularly vary according to political views and many other characteristics that typically mark divergent views over social and public health policies.

However, men were significantly more likely to be in favor of the privileges, as were non-Hispanic white and black individuals. Opposition was much lower among people who wanted the immune privileges themselves, while it was much higher among those who thought the privileges could damage the fabric of society.

Respondents were more supportive of the privileges being used to help people return to high-risk jobs or to attend large recreational events than to help people to return to work in general.

A pre-print version of the research paper is available on the medRxiv* server, while the article undergoes peer review.
The idea of immunity passports was first proposed in 2020

At an earlier stage of the COVID-19 pandemic, the idea of immune privileges was proposed as a means of lifting restrictions for recovered patients who are likely to have immunity due to previous infection with the causative agent – severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).

The idea was quickly met with opposition, due partly to concerns about social fairness and partly to uncertainty over the extent and duration of any immunity acquired.

However, extremely few cases of reinfection have been reported to date, and recent studies suggest that even mild infection confers some level of protection. This evidence, together with the renewed implementation of COVID-19 restrictions, will likely see further calls for lifting restrictions on those with likely immunity.

What did the researchers do?


To gauge what the public’s attitudes might be towards these immune privileges, the researchers conducted a national online survey of 1,315 adults in June 2020, as the first round of restrictions were being lifted.

Participants were asked whether they support the idea of either government “passports” or private “certificates” showing COVID-19 immunity.

Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to estimate associations between support and demographic characteristics.

What did they find?

Participants were fairly evenly split in their support of the immunity passes. Almost half (45.2%) supported the privileges, although fewer were opposed to private certificates (48.1%) than to passports authorized by the government (42.6%).

Respondents were more supportive of using the privileges to enable returns to high-risk jobs or attendance at large recreational events than to enable returns to work in general.

Multivariable analysis revealed that women were 36% less likely to support the privileges than men, while Hispanics and other ethnic minorities were 44% and 42% less likely to support the privileges than whites.

However, no significant differences in support were observed across other demographic characteristics that typically mark divergent views on social and public health policies such as age, socioeconomic status and chronic illness.

Views did not vary according to political affiliation

Support also did not significantly vary according to political affiliation and views about the government.

This finding is particularly noteworthy considering how deeply politicized so many aspects of COVID-19 public health policy have been,” writes the team.

Furthermore, the researchers say: “Of note, views about immunity privileges did not vary according to attitudes about the desirability of free markets and government intervention.”

However, levels of opposition were much lower among those who personally wanted a passport (24%) and much higher among those who thought the privileges would be damaging to the social fabric of their community (77.1%).

What are the implications of the findings?

Hall and Studdert say the public is clearly divided over the appropriateness of using COVID-19 immunity privileges, although views do not vary along the usual political lines or by characteristics that suggest vulnerability to infection.

Social consensus on the desirability of an immunity privileges programs may be difficult to achieve,” they warn.

*Important Notice

medRxiv publishes preliminary scientific reports that are not peer-reviewed and, therefore, should not be regarded as conclusive, guide clinical practice/health-related behavior, or treated as established information.

Journal reference:

Hall M and Studdert D. (2021) U.S. Public Views about COVID-19 “Immunity Passports.” medRxiv. doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.01.26.21250184, https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101 ... 21250184v1
trader32176
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Re: Health / Immunity Passports

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Coronavirus digest: Denmark plans COVID vaccination passport

Denmark says it is developing a COVID-19 vaccine passport


2/3/21

https://www.dw.com/en/coronavirus-diges ... a-56436606


Denmark said on Wednesday it will develop a digital coronavirus passport that would allow foreign travel and for restrictions to be eased.

The document, developed in conjunction with businesses, would show whether citizens have been vaccinated for the coronavirus or not, potentially affording them special travel privileges. It could also allow citizens to visit restaurants, conferences, music festivals and sports events.

From the end of February, people should be able to check their immunization status on a website, while the digital passport and an app will probably take another three to four months.

"It is absolutely crucial for us to be able to restart Danish society and that companies can get back on track. Many Danish companies are global companies," said Morten Bodskov, the country's acting finance minister.

"This is light at the end of the tunnel for very many companies," said Brian Mikkelsen, the head of the Danish Chamber of Commerce.

Denmark is currently under a lockdown, with nonessential retail closed, and bars and restaurants limited to takeaway.

The prospect of special privileges for vaccinated people— as well as efforts to develop a unified system for certifying vaccination — has stirred vigorous debate in the European Union.

The European Commission has been looking at proposals for vaccination certificates, but has said that, for now, such certificates would only be used for medical purposes.

Estonia has already announced that it will drop quarantine requirements for people who can prove they have been vaccinated with a certificate.
trader32176
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Re: Health / Immunity Passports

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Sweden to launch digital coronavirus 'vaccine passport' to allow travel
The certificate will likely be required for other activities when Sweden reopens

2/4/21


https://www.foxnews.com/health/sweden-d ... ort-travel


The Swedish government on Thursday said it will be launching a digital coronavirus "vaccine passport" to allow people who have been vaccinated to travel.

Digitalization Minister Anders Ygeman said three authorities in Sweden had been asked to work on producing the certificate, and the plan is to coordinate it with the World Health Organization and the European Union.

Ygeman told a news conference that vaccination certifications will likely be required for travel and "possibly taking part in other activities" when Sweden and neighboring countries start to open up again.

The announcement came after Denmark's government on Wednesday said it is joining forces with businesses to develop a digital passport that would show whether people have been vaccinated against the coronavirus, allowing them to travel and help ease restrictions on public life.


Finance Minister Morten Boedskov told a news conference that "in three, four months, a digital corona passport will be ready for use in, for example, business travel."

"It is absolutely crucial for us to be able to restart Danish society so that companies can get back on track. Many Danish companies are global companies with the whole world as a market," he added.

The Danish government said it will decide later on whether the digital passport should be used for purposes other than travel to help reopen public life.

The European Commission, meanwhile, has been weighing proposals to issue vaccination certificates to help get travelers to their vacation destinations more quickly and avoid another disastrous summer for Europe's tourism sector. But the EU's executive arm said for now such certificates would only be used for medical purposes, for instance to monitor the possible adverse effects of vaccines.
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Re: Health / Immunity Passports

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White House Considers Domestic COVID-19 Travel Restrictions

Feb. 11, 2021


https://www.webmd.com/lung/news/2021012 ... st-updates


The Biden administration is weighing whether to implement travel restrictions within the U.S. as coronavirus variants emerge, particularly in Florida, according to the Miami Herald.

Outbreaks are beginning to pop up in several states, with cases linked to the B.1.1.7 variant first identified in the U.K., the B.1.351 variant first identified in South Africa and the P.1 variant first identified in Brazil.

“There are active conversations about what could help mitigate spread here, but we have to follow the data and what's going to work,” a White House official told the newspaper. “We did this with South Africa, we did this with Brazil, because we got clear guidance.”

So far, the U.S. has reported 932 cases of the B.1.1.7 variant across 34 states, according to the latest CDC tally updated on Tuesday. Florida has reported 343 cases -- almost a third of the country's total. California has reported 156 cases, and New York has reported 59 cases.

In addition, the U.S. has reported 9 B.1.351 cases in Maryland, South Carolina, and Virginia, with six of the cases in Maryland. Three P.1 cases have been identified in Minnesota and Oklahoma.

“No decisions have been made, but we certainly are having conversations across government,” the White House official told the newspaper.

Any travel restrictions or new public health measures would be discussed among officials at the federal, state and local levels, the Herald reported. In January, President Joe Biden directed the CDC, the Department of Transportation, and the Department of Homeland Security to draft a list of recommendations for how their agencies might impose additional public health measures on domestic travel.

“As part of our close monitoring of the pandemic and in particular the emerging variants, we will continue to review public health options for containing and mitigating spread of the virus,” the CDC wrote in a statement to NBC 6 in Miami. “CDC will also continue to work across government on recommendations for the travel space, and no decisions have been made.”

Overall COVID-19 cases have declined in Florida in recent weeks, though the B.1.1.7 variant now makes up about 15% of new cases in the state. Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis opposed the idea of travel restrictions at a news conference on Thursday morning, NBC 6 reported.

“I think it's an absurd report that they would be doing that. I think it would be unconstitutional, it would be unwise and it would be unjust,” he said. “Any attempt to restrict or lock down Florida by the federal government would be an attack on our state done purely for political purposes.”

Travel restrictions could slow the spread of the variant and give more time for the COVID-19 vaccine rollout, public health officials told the Herald. However, many factors play into discussions about domestic travel restrictions, including economic, legal, and political considerations.

“There are probably some epidemiological reasons to impose a travel restriction, but of course, epidemiology is only part of the story,” Stephen Kissler, an immunology and infectious disease expert with Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, told the newspaper.

“So much of epidemiology is based on trust and a presumption of goodwill,” he said. “If that goes out the window, nothing else works.”
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Re: Health / Immunity Passports

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Government considering 'domestic vaccine passports' for supermarkets and other businesses

Dominic Raab said the possibility of a vaccine passport is 'under consideration' but added it would need to be 'workable'

2/14/21


https://www.cambridge-news.co.uk/news/u ... b-19836331


Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab has said the Government is considering introducing a "domestic vaccine passport" that could prevent Britons from entering certain businesses without being vaccinated.

Speaking on LBC's Swarbrick show this morning (February 14), Mr Raab refused to rule out the measures when discussing the Government's future coronavirus strategy.

When pressed on the possibility of a "domestic vaccine passport, where you have to show a bit of paper to get into a supermarket or something like that," he said: "It's under consideration, but of course you've got to make it workable.

"I think the thing when I've looked at this, whether it's on the international, domestic or local level, you've got to know that the document that is being presented is something that you can rely on, that it's an accurate reflection on the status of the individual.

"I'm not sure there's a foolproof answer in the way that sometimes it's presented, but of course we'll look at all the options."

The Foreign Secretary's comments are expected to provoke anger among Tory backbenchers, many of whom are already alarmed by the effect of the lockdown on civil liberties.

It comes after former prime minister Tony Blair reiterated his calls for a global coronavirus vaccine passport scheme, writing in the Mail On Sunday: “We have the technology which allows us to do this securely and effectively. The need is obvious. The world is moving in this direction. We should plan for an agreed ‘passport’ now. The arguments against it really don’t add up.”

A Government spokesperson has already confirmed ministers are working on plans for an international vaccine passport, Sky News reported on Thursday (February 11).

The spokesperson confirmed the UK is "working closely" with international partners in a bid to enable travel, and that there would be an "internationally recognised" approach.
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Re: Health / Immunity Passports

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LAUSD set to launch coronavirus-tracking app that generates a code for students to enter campus

2/22/21


https://ktla.com/news/local-news/lausd- ... er-campus/


The Los Angeles school district says it’s ready to launch a Microsoft-supported “Daily Pass” app when campuses reopen, enabling officials to quickly isolate anyone at a school who has symptoms of COVID-19 or has contracted the virus, an important component to safely reopening schools, Supt. Austin Beutner said Monday.

The long-awaited app was first announced in August, and has been put forth publicly as imminently ready to go several times only to be pulled back again.

Beutner has explained the repeated delays as the district taking advantage of an opportunity to refine the app — something that made sense given that campuses were not open and the need for the app was less pressing.

But in his latest announcement he said the app was ready and would be instrumental in coordinating student and employee health checks, coronavirus tests and vaccinations.
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Re: Health / Immunity Passports

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Digital Health Pass: IBM and Moderna Hook Up to Capitalize on COVID Reset

Using what have already become clichéd industry buzzwords like “transparency,” “trust,” and even “privacy,” IBM’s Digital Health Pass marketing describes the mass tracking app as a “smart way to return to society” that allows people to “return to the activities and things they love.”

3/10/21


https://www.mintpressnews.com/ibm-moder ... te/276049/

By Raul Diego


ARMONK, NEW YORK — IBM is partnering with Covid-19 mRNA vaccine maker Moderna to track vaccine administration in real time through its various blockchain, Artificial Intelligence, and hybrid cloud services. According to a company press release, the collaboration will “focus on exploring the utility of IBM capabilities in the U.S.,” such as a recently unveiled pilot program for a Covid-19 Digital Health Pass in the State of New York, which effectively deputizes private businesses to enforce government-imposed Covid-19 regulations.

New York Governor Andrew Cuomo announced the initiative, billed as the “Excelsior Pass,” during his 2021 State of the State Address in January and the program’s initial phase was tested at the Barclays Center during an NBA game, followed by another test at Madison Square Garden for an NHL game on March 2.

According to the state’s official website, the trial runs were designed to maximize “return on investment and saving development time” before submitting the “wallet app” to the Google and Apple app stores.

“The Excelsior Pass will play a critical role in getting information to venues and sites in a secure and streamlined way,” said Cuomo, who in February rolled out the state’s reopening guidelines for sports and entertainment venues, which would pave the way “to fast-track the reopening of these businesses and getting us one step closer to reaching a new normal (emphasis added).”

Built on IBM’s Digital Health Pass technology, the QR code-based health data tracking app is only one of multiple blockchain ledger applications the company will leverage as part of its partnership with Moderna. Others include their Blockchain Transparent Supply and Food Trust services, which use the open-source Hyperledger technology to share supply-chain and food sourcing “credibility” data respectively with enterprise customers.

IBM’s Blockchain World Wire cross-border payment processing service rounds out the blockchain ecosystem that will serve to “enhance” supply chain visibility and “real-time” vaccine management and administration.

Transparent coercion

Using what have already become clichéd industry buzzwords like “transparency,” “trust,” and even “privacy,” IBM’s Digital Health Pass marketing literature describes the mass tracking app as a “smart way to return to society” that allows people to “return to the activities and things they love.”

Still in the “voluntary” stages of use, according to IBM’s Steve LaFleche, the Digital Health Pass and similar mobile health verification apps, like CommonPass, cease to be so once government guidelines and regulations force the private sector to enforce their implementation, as in the case of New York’s reopening rules for stadiums, theaters and other venues.

In addition to the already widely-enforced capacity limits, social distancing and mandated facial coverings, Cuomo’s guidelines for venue operation now include the requirement that “all staff and spectators receive a negative COVID-19 PCR test within 72 hours of the event,” as well as the collection of contact information of everyone in attendance in order to “inform contact tracing efforts.”

IBM’s partnership with Moderna allows many of these requirements to be carried out unobtrusively and with minimal fuss for the general population, who are by now used to interfacing with the world on their smartphones. As LaFleche writes, the app “can interoperate easily with other solutions so that people won’t have to rely on multiple apps when going about their daily lives.”

Tethered to the blockchain

The development of these health-tracking, blockchain-based technologies as part of a broader redesign of supply chain and capital organization structures — often referred to as the “new normal” or the “Great Reset — has been in the works since at least 2016. It began with the “Use of Blockchain in Health IT and Health-related Research Challenge,” co-hosted by the Office of the National Coordinator for Health IT (ONC) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), where IBM submitted its white paper, “Blockchain: The Chain of Trust and its Potential to Transform Healthcare – Our Point of View.”

Since April 2020, these efforts have sped up considerably through initiatives like the COVID-19 High Performance Computing (HPC) Consortium, a Public-Private Partnership (PPP) “spearheaded” by IBM and the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, which brought Big Tech players like Google, Amazon, and Microsoft together with academic institutions and federal agencies to apply an “unprecedented scale of computing power to support COVID-19 research.”

The PPP applied its “unprecedented” computing power to controversial research topics like the supposed genetic predisposition among African Americans to Covid-19 infection and other areas of focus, such as potential treatments and “medicinal plants,” which can now all be integrated as part of IBM’s blockchain-based applications across the entire economic spectrum.

As covered by MintPress in a recent three-part series by this author, the intersection between blockchain technology and health data is at the center of a global campaign to recreate capitalism as a data-driven economic model based on a so-called “impact investment” paradigm, which purports to solve the world’s health, social and environmental problems through market-based solutions.

“Hacking the software of life”

The collection of our genomic data lies at the core of the fraudulent concept of creating financial incentives around human misery. DNA is the single point of data convergence across humanity that allows for these new “moral” economic models to generate enough volume to replicate present-day economies of scale and design financial instruments to exploit human beings at a cellular level.

Moderna’s former Chief Medical Officer, Tal Zacks, is well aware of the opportunities. On February 25, Moderna announced their CMO’s intention to step down in September as he looks forward to the “next leg of his career.” Zacks will leave a wealthy man, after regularly selling Moderna stock over the course of 2020, making him approximately $1 million a week, according to SEC filings.

In 2017, Zacks delivered a TED Talk in which he plainly states what many of the mRNA vaccine detractors have been warning about. Namely, that these novel vaccination technologies are, in fact, mechanisms designed to manipulate the human genetic code.

Zacks mirrors much of what his colleague and fellow vaccine credential promoter, Dr. Brad Perkins, said in a similar presentation that same year, in which he expounded on the massive potential for profits of these kinds of technologies — and the collection of genomic data, in particular — across the healthcare and insurance industries.

“I’m here today to tell you,” Zacks informed the spectators, “that we’re actually hacking the software of life.” Aiming at a more general audience, Zacks wasn’t as forward as Perkins in his description of the implications, limiting himself to emotional appeals through anecdotal accounts of former patients who might have been saved had they lived through the “phenomenal digital and scientific revolution” of mRNA “information therapy” solutions from which he has profited so handsomely.

Conveniently, IBM’s strong presence in the law enforcement space, as one of the largest providers of digital profiling technologies and AI policing systems in the world, may also help with any obstacles Moderna may face among vaccine-hesitant populations — such as the 3,000 Romanians who took to the streets of Bucharest to protest mass vaccinations, or the refusal of entire communities in Mexico to have their personal sovereignty violated by the world’s newest crop of snake oil salesmen.
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Re: Health / Immunity Passports

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Vaccine passports raise questions of equity, security, and privacy

3/22/21


https://www.news-medical.net/news/20210 ... ivacy.aspx


Vaccine passports raise questions of equity, security, privacy, argues Crispin Maslog. China, where the COVID-19 pandemic began a long year ago, has now become the first country in the world to issue a vaccine passport to promote world economic recovery and facilitate cross-border travel.

China's foreign ministry has said the international health certificate is currently available only to its citizens. It is in digital and paper form. It comes just a week after the first anniversary of the date that the WHO declared COVID-19 as a pandemic on 11 March 2020.

South-East Asian countries are also considering a common vaccine certificate to jump-start regional travel and have discussed the idea of relaxing border restrictions for travelers who have been vaccinated.

Entry into China will be easier for foreigners inoculated with Chinese-made coronavirus vaccines. Chinese embassies, including those in India, the Philippines, the UK and US, have issued notices requiring immunization with a Chinese-made COVID-19 vaccine.

A similar idea has been proposed by the EU for movement within the bloc. Under the planned digital certificate, travelers who have received vaccines approved by the European Medicines Agency will get an automatic waiver, while it is down to Member State discretion whether to accept other vaccines.

Obstacles to vaccine passport


The whole idea of a vaccine passport might, however, be premature and discriminates against poor countries which are currently struggling to even have a coherent vaccination programme.

We have to be careful that we do not jump the gun on science. There are many obstacles to overcome before we can consider even starting to implement the scheme.

To begin with, not even close to half of the world's 7.7 billion population has been vaccinated. Not even in China, with its 1.4 billion people. If indeed the virus has been put under control in China, the reason for this is the authoritarian system in that country.

We still have the problem of convincing people in Europe, the US and the rest of the West to follow the protocols for dealing with the pandemic — masks, hand washing and social distancing. Vocal minorities in these countries still insist on their individual freedoms, never mind the common good. In my mind, this is a problem not only for the democratic West but also for the rest of the world.

From the economic point of view, the issuance of a vaccine passport will speed up travel and population flow and benefit vaccine production and tourism. However, others warn about the possibilities of illegal trade of vaccine passports in the market due to lack of effective international policing.

Scientifically speaking, vaccine passports might not even be feasible considering the continuous emergence of new coronavirus variants raising doubts about the efficacy of vaccines.

WHO has also warned against use of these 'vaccine passports' because of ethical considerations that coronavirus vaccines are not easily available to all on an equitable basis. The WHO added that we still don't know how long immunity lasts from the numerous licensed COVID-19 vaccines.

Invasion of privacy

There are other concerns to fuel the controversy, particularly among human rights activists, data protection advocates, and countries with limited access to vaccines. These vaccine passports will contain sensitive medical data. How long will governments be allowed to keep the information, and who are they allowed to share it with? These questions need answering.

Activists warn that rushing into these electronic passports without properly considering the equity, privacy, and security risks is a mistake. Vaccine passports would be discriminatory, increase state power over our lives, and have no place in a democratic and free society.

I believe we need to vaccinate at least half of the global population before considering a vaccine passport. We are still at least two billion vaccinations away from that goal in Asia.

We should first ramp up the vaccination effort, especially among the poor nations, before we can even think about a vaccine passport.

Source:


SciDev.Net
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